The World Anthem




by e.s.shankar


The art of knowing is knowing what to ignore! Rumi. 1207-1273.

The Ramayana is one of the most sacred books of Indian and Hindu culture. It also features very prominently in the cultures of Malaysia (e.g. the Wayang Kulit), Indonesia (especially Bali), Thailand, Burma, Cambodia. Laos and Vietnam. The story of ‘Sugriva’s Atlas’ in the Ramayanawas revealed earlier this years by engineer, MBA and archeoastronomer Nilesh Nilkanth Oak. The Ramayana is an ancient epic story of the Lord Vishnu Avatar, King Sri Rama, whose rule is described as a golden age of India and Rama himself recognized as the greatest, most virtuous and perfect king in Indian history. Refer: The Ramayana. Sugriva is a king of one of the larger tribes of the Vanaras who lived in the forests and mountains.

The Ramayana is an Indian classical epic poem originally written down about 500 BCE in Sanskrit by the Brahmin philosopher, sage and poet, Valmiki. It comprises 24,000 verses and 480,000 words. Refer: Valmiki.

While western historians maintain that the Ramayana is a 500 BCE epic, many Indians dispute this, particularly since most ancient civilizations, including the Greeks, had oral traditions that went back thousands of years. The situation is complicated by the fact that many Indian documents are undated and  do not refer to dates in their narratives either. Nilesh Nilkanth Oak has, however, used (as he has done with that other Indian epic, the Mahabharatha) astronomical references in the Ramayana to date the era of its events to 12209 BCE i.e. 14 thousand years ago.

The Ramayana is the story of Rama’s life and defeat of his nemesis, the 10-headed (read as a highly egotistical genius who had mastered the ‘Aya Kalaigal’, 64-subject Arts ranging from literacy, maths, science, astronomy to music, archery, war etc.) Ravana who kidnaps his beautiful and virtuous wife and imprisons her in his monstrous palace in the island of Lanka, reckoned to be none other than the Sri Lanka (old name Ceylon) of today, located right across the Palk Straits at the southern tip of India.


Sri Rama consults his allies, one of whom is King Sugriva, to search for Ravana’s location. Sugriva had the reputation of knowing more about the geography of the world than anyone else at that time and had described the world as a ‘mandala’ or sphere, i.e. round. Western civilization and the Catholic Church which championed a Flat Earth Theory for nearly 2000 years, would only accept the concept of a spherical Earth when Nicholas Copernicus (1473-1543 CE) wrote his treatise on it in the 16th century!

Sugriva's Atlas. Part 1. Nilesh Oak. 

Sugriva's Atlas. Part 2. Nilesh Oak. 

Sugriva suggests that Rama consider sending armed search parties from India:

1. East through Thailand, Indonesia and as far as the cliffs of Peru and the Andes Mountain (Udaya Parvatham).

2. West  as far as the Swiss Alps (Astagiri).

3. Northward as far as Siberia and the Arctic (land at the end of liquid water or without Sun and warns them not to proceed beyond a point called Uttharapuru).

4. South as far as Antarctica (the completely dark land at the end of the earth, Pitru, capital of the land of Yama, the god of Death and a very inhospitable place to be avoided at all cost).


Much of Europe and North America were not visible because they were covered in ice. But perhaps the most startling information revealed by Sugriva was the existence of the Paracas Candelabra or Candelabra of the Andes which is visible even today from about 12 miles out from the Pacific Ocean as one approaches the coast of Peru! It is a feature engraved on the cliff and is about 181 meters (595 feet) tall, 0.61 meters (2 feet) deep, described by Sugriva as:

          “ a Thirusoolam (trident), a three-headed golden flag with a rectangular base (vedi) shining on the top of the mountain.” See video 1 above, clock 26.58 – 32.05. Refer: Paracas Candelabra.

The Spanish who invaded and conquered Peru in the 16th century CE had no clue as to the origin or purpose of the Candelabra nor did the locals. However, Sugriva says that it was carved there by Lord Indra to mark the eastern most point of one of their expeditions. How could he have known anything about it by even the western accepted date of 500 CE, a good two thousand years before the Spaniards? Or the existence of the Alps, Arctic, Antarctica and the ice sheets?

Valmiki also explains the nature of the people who made up the Vanaras groups and who were represented in the Ramayana as monkeys and bears. They were human beings who lived in and off the forest by choice and over time, donned the mask and tail of monkeys and fur of bear skin as cultural distinctions. The Vanaras included distinguished rishis, siddhas and others who practiced ascetism but had children who regarded the forests as their natural homes.

They were physically bigger and more powerful than the city dwellers as well as highly intelligent. They included the Rakshashas depicted as ugly, fierce, warring and cannibalistic and blood-drinking demons, but were actually shamans/wizards who had acquired the powers of sorcery such as shape shifting, invisibility etc. Ravana, the protagonist of the Ramayana, was the child of a powerful rishi and a Rakshashi. The Vanaras were spread out in the forests and mountains of not just India, but the world. But, in later retellings of the Ramayana, the Vanaras' origins were glossed over and emerged in popular culture as monkeys. Thus Hanuman the Monkey God, Vali, Sugriva and other monkey kings and characters mentioned in the Ramayana, were not really moneys.

When Sri Rama asked Sugriva how he knew so much about the geography of the world, his reply was that he had personally been to all these places!!! The Ramayana clearly mentions a silent ‘Pushpaka Vimana’ flying chariot which Ravana pilots to kidnap Sita and spirit her away to Lanka. Did Sugriva posses a flying machine to traverse the globe and record all the mountain peaks that he mentions?

Nilesh Nilkanth Oak is no sensational seeker out to mint his millions by riding the UFO and conspiracy theory wave. He is a serious and highly educated engineer who is looking at other ways of proving that the Indian civilization was far more ancient and knowledgeable than is generally given credit for, especially by western scholars. He does not engage in wild conjecture. He uses the highly respected fields of astronomy, archaeology, anthropology, hydrology, oceanography, and other scientific studies to make educated guesses, if not conclusive ones in some instances. There is more than meets the eye with Sugriva's Atlas, for sure!



 by e.s.shankar

Why do you stay in prison when the door is so wide open? Rumi. 1207-1273.

In February 2019, Ex-Kota Tinggi MP and Felda Director Nor Ehsanuddin Mohd Harun Narrashid was charged with 29 counts of alleged bribery/corruption. 24 prosecution witnesses had already testified in court since then and in December 2020, the DPP announced that 16 more witnesses would be called up.

Then suddenly on 1 September 2021, it was announced that the DPP had withdrawn all 29 charges and Ehsanuddin fully acquitted. The DPP had apparently agreed to the acquittal on 21 May 2021. Click Here. Why was it kept secret for 3 months?

On 6 September, the MACC gave the following explanation. Click Here.

1. It had referred the case back to the Attorney General's (AG) Chambers as a decision was made to withdraw the charges based on the latest developments.

2. The DPP’s withdrawal of all 29 charges was based on verified facts from further investigations.

3. Based on new findings obtained through Ehsanuddin's new defense statement, the accused successfully proved that he had paid back the sum in question before the start of the initial investigation.

4. A key witness also confirmed the matter (money) as advances.

5. The decision was also made because statements from the key witness were inconsistent.

Matters were thrown further into further confusion when on 8 September, the Chairman of the Anti-Corruption Advisory Committee (AAAC), Tan Sri Abu Zahar Ujang, once an UMNO politician, is reported to have said that the MACC’s investigations:

1. Were unprofessional.

2. Influenced by political considerations. Click Here.

Understandably many members of the public were dismayed and angry. Transparency International Malaysia (TI-M) President Muhammad Mohan said that the AG/MACC decision came as a shock to civil society. Others have written that MACC’s explanations and clarifications did not pass the smell test.

So, here are some questions to the AG/MACC, the answers to which will greatly help us understand why all the charges against Ehsanuddin were dropped and he was not given a DNAA (discharge not amounting to an acquittal), but fully acquitted.

1. Before the date the charges were filed in court, had MACC checked with the alleged bribers whether Ehsanuddin had made any payments to them?

2. Had they then checked his or the alleged bribers’ bank accounts and inspected their books and records for official receipts?

3. OR, is the MACC now admitting that it did not carry out proper investigations before the charges were made in court, i.e. that they were grossly negligent?

4. Later Ehsanuddin submitted that payments had been made BEFORE the start of the initial investigations:

(a) Who made the payments? Ehsanuddin, a family member or a 3rd party? If not Ehsanuddin himself, what is the name of that party?

(b) How was this payment made - cash, cheque, bank draft, TT, online banking transfer?

(c) Did MACC check his or the alleged bribers’ bank accounts, bank transaction vouchers and inspect their books and records for official receipts?

5. Did MACC verify if Ehsanuddin had sufficient personal/family wealth and means to make those repayments?

6. Does the “key witness” have the expertise to determine if the payments to Ehsanuddin were “advances” and not alleged bribes?

7. IF the “key witness” was the alleged briber, why would MACC accept his opinion that the payments were “advances” and not alleged bribes?

8. At the time the charges were filed, the “key witnesses” would have been required to sign a SD. If his statements now are inconsistent with what he swore earlier in the SD, would that not mean perjury (lying under oath)? Is MACC going to charge this “key witness” with perjury or let him go scot free?

9. Under Malaysian law, whether or not a person repaid money received as an alleged bribe, like the crime of Criminal Breach of Trust (CBT), he is still guilty of a crime. Was this not discussed with the AG and a DNAA requested instead of a full acquittal?

10. Does the MACC accept the accusation against it that it had acted unprofessionally and was influenced by political considerations? If not, will it be taking legal action soon against AAAC Chairman Tan Sri Abu Zahar Ujang to clear its image, name, reputation and integrity as an independent enforcement agency that acts without fear or favor?

Thank you.



 by e.s. shankar

The wound is the place where the LIGHT enters you. Rumi 1207-1273.

I am writing this as a layman and wish to KISS (Keep It Simple, Stupid!).[1]

Political Party Hopping is known across the world by many names – Switching, Decamping, Crossing the Aisle, Cross-Carpeting, Crossing the Floor, Switching or plain Defecting, Crosstitution (alluding to prostitution) etc.

Political Party Hopping, known as ‘katakking’ (frogging) locally, besides corruption, has destroyed general election results and democracy like nothing else. Rarely has any politician in Malaysia hopped because they heroically embraced universally accepted principles. Most of the destructive hopping in Malaysia has happened because of corruption and money. Ridiculous sums have been mentioned, but something between RM20-30 million seems to be the ballpark going rate figure for each hop.

The two most famous incidents in recent times of katakking in Malaysia happened when:

1. In January 2009, 3 Pakatan Harapan (PH) state assemblymen in Perak hopped over to Barisan National (BN), causing the downfall of the PH state government. This was the notorious ‘Perak Coup’. Till today, many legal experts believe that the Court of Appeal's decision accepting the swearing in of the replacement BN government, was Constitutionally very, very deeply flawed.

2. In February 2020, the infamous ‘Sheraton Hotel Move’ and the treachery of then PM Mahathir from PH saw the fall of the PH federal Government. MP’s and State Assemblypersons katakked all over Malaysia, some more than once even before GE14! The states of Johor, Kedah, Perak and Melaka, and Sabah, fell to the Opposition and Perikatan Nasional, slammed as the “Backdoor government” and even worse in Malay by furious and outraged citizens.

A lot has been written on this topic by experts and NGO’s like Bersih and the well-known and respected Dr.Wong Chin Huat (PhD), a political scientist, activist and columnist. These are for the lawmakers and MP’s to read when they draft the AHL. Refer How To Deter Party Hopping In Malaysia

On 29 August, Azalina Othman, the ex-Deputy Speaker in Parliament and a die-hard UMNO MP since 2004, suggested Parliament pass at its next sitting a ‘Recall Bill’ which is more or less the same as an AHL.  She had resigned from her post on 23 August. This is of course nothing new as such a reform was already included in the ‘Institutional Reform Committee (IRC)’ Report prepared under ex-Bar Council President, ex-Bersih Chairperson and lawyer Ambiga Sreenevasen and submitted to Mahathir in July 2018. Ketuanist Mahathir criminally put that report at the bottom drawer of his desk and blocked all reforms. Seven months later, his betrayal of PH led to an avalanche of MP’s katakking to unelected PN and the end of the elected PH government.

Azalina’s call, to put it mildly, is incredible because:

1. She has never suggested anything remotely democratic like this in 17 years. Can her motives be pure? She seems to be more focussed towards stopping defections from the new backdoor UMNO/PN/PAS/GPS Sarawak loose coalition of which she is a member.

2. She remained silent while Mahathir, Muhyiddin and Shafie Apdal were sacked from UMNO over the1MDB RM30 Billion and SRC RM4 Billion frauds scandal implicating Najib!

3. In 2018, she helped in the first reading of a private members Bill in Parliament, RUU355, championed by PAS for harsher Syariah punishment in the states. Who knows, it could eventually have led to the introduction of more severe Taliban-type hudud laws. UMNO backed PAS, not because it really wanted to enhance cruel punishment, but thought it would get them more Malay/Muslim votes at GE14. In the event, it was a stragedy (strategy+tragedy). BN lost GE14 to PH for the first time in 61 years since Independence in 1957.

What should Malaysia do? AHL or Recall Bill?

I humbly suggest KISS. We need not try and re-invent the wheel. Why? Simply because the AHL has already been included in the Constitution of Singapore. You can bet your bottom dollar that they would have weighed the pros and cons of AHL in minute detail before they amended their Constitution in 1963. Here are the main items in the Singapore AHL. A MP has to vacate office if the party splits or one:

1. ceases to be a citizen.

2. is expelled or resigns from the political party he stood for at elections.

3. resigns by notice to Parliament.

4. is expelled by Parliament.

5. is declared to be mentally unfit.

6. is absent from Parliament for more than a certain period, say due to prolonged illness.

7. is convicted of an election offence.

8. is convicted in court and sentence to jail for not less than 1 year or to a fine of not less than S2,000.

The key questions are:

1. Who retains the seat and voting right in Parliament? My opinion – it should be the party and not the MP. Many argue that people vote for the individual. I disagree. Malaysia has been ruled since 1957 by a coalition of parties. Other than Independents, all candidates battle under a registered party and logo/flag. Some Independents too have campaigned under a party’s logo/flag.

2. The same applies to an Independent MP who switches to a political party.

3. How will the situation be resolved? As soon as the Speaker in Parliament is notified in writing, the AHL law shall come into effect and the MP shall lose all powers and voting rights. A by-election shall be held within, max 45 days.

4. Who shall oversee the process? Azalina’s Recall Bill will involve complicated, convoluted Parliamentary procedures and the most dreaded thing of all, possible involvement of  judges and courts and their “interpretations”. KISS. The MP's cannot be trusted to police themselves. Let the Election Council (EC) handle the A-Z of it. This of course means that the Constitution will have to be amended and appointments to the EC removed from the powers of the prime minister. A bipartisan committee of Parliament should be given that task to maintain the independence of the EC.

5. Someone else wrote last week that AHL would be Unconstitutional and Immoral because the Constitution guarantees the right of citizens (and MP’s) to freedom of association.

This is of course nonsense. AHL only makes it illegal for MP's to remain in office if they defect. It does not stop them from associating with anyone or any political party. We are guaranteed the right to own and drive a car. But if we commit a serious traffic offence or cause a driving death, that right can be (rightly) curtailed by temporary suspension or permanently.

Ultimately, WE, THE PEOPLE, elect our MP’s and State Assemblypersons. This principle has been in force across the world for nearly 250 years now. Governments are instituted among PEOPLE, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed - the butcher, the baker and the candlestick maker, i.e. I, You, We and Us, the mass of ordinary PEOPLE, not just the super rich or elites. The Constitution and Parliament do not “give us the rights”; WE, THE PEOPLE, determine what is fair and right and draft the Constitution and tell Parliament what to do! We must take back our country from the snake-oil salesmen and wolves in sheep’s clothing masquerading as democrats. We must collectively own the government.

If once having gotten our votes, the MP's defiantly and openly betray the People’s rights and trust due to corruption and money, it is WE, THE PEOPLE who shall reserve the right to throw them out or re-appoint that person and political party, not some dubious MP’s in Parliament or judges or courts. 

We also have an archaic system where Senators are not elected. We must use this opportunity to amend the Constitution so that unelected person cannot be appointed to the Cabinet and Deputy Minister’s posts and other positions in government and public institutions through the ‘backdoor’ as it were! Otherwise, accountability is diminished.

So, let’s follow the Singapore law. Let’s not complicate it and create more gaji buta (sinecure) Parliamentary committees and Quangos which will leech on us and suck dry the Taxpayers’ hard earned money.

Let’s KISS and make up!

[1] #1 This is just literary licence and not an attempt to mock anyone or insult readers. Thank you.😃😃😃



 by e.s. shankar


You are not a drop in the ocean; You are the entire ocean in a drop! Rumi (1207-1273).

The 6% Goods and Services Tax (GST) law came into force on 1st April 2015, mooted by then Prime Minister and Finance Minister Najib Tun Razak and his UMNO/BN government. It was abolished in July 2018 by the new Pakatan Harapan government. GST was a disaster of biblical proportions. A dismal failure. Why? THE PEOPLE were not well-prepared for it in advance and many did not understand the concept or the confusing rules – input tax, output tax, standard rate, zero rate, exempt rate etc. The backbone of the economy i.e. Small and Medium Enterprises (SME), could not come to terms with online filing or afford the administrative and compliance costs.

Ultimately, it failed for three main reasons:

1. Malaysia’s global economic status, i.e. developing nation, was not at a stage where it was ready for GST which painfully burdened mostly the middle and lower income groups.

2. Mainly the government and its Ministers but also the civil service, did not monitor or control prices. Cost of just about everything skyrocketed. Why? Many unscrupulous businesses indulged in profiteering even though they were entitled to GST refunds on their cost of goods and services. Many did claim them, especially manufacturers and wholesalers. They then dishonestly blamed the government for soaring prices and inflation.

3. Bureaucratic red tape resulted in undue delays in many businesses getting their GST refunds. Some RM20 billion never made it to them under Najib’s regime.

The Rakyat revolted. Predictably.

It became an election issue and was the second reason why PH managed a giant-killing act against UMNO/BN and won the 14th General Election held on 9th May 2018. The main reason was endemic CORRUPTION, in particular, the RM30 Billion plus fraud at 1MDB and the related RM4 Billion fraud at SRC, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Ministry of Finance. In a nice postscript to GE14, Najib was convicted on 7 charges of abuse of power, money-laundering and Criminal Breach of Trust (CBT) in July 2020. He was sentenced to 12 years in prison on one charge and 10 years each on the remaining 6 charges, for a total of 72 years, the sentences to run concurrently. He was also fined a whopping RM210 million. He is now appealing his conviction and not yet in prison.

Now, there are said to be murmurs and whispers from “International Rating Agencies” (IRA), “leading economists, financial and tax experts” and “informed analysts” about re-introducing GST. The clincher is of course that the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (WB) are said to have “grave concerns” about Malaysia’s “dwindling revenue and tax base”. Except, I recall that the IRA, leading economists, financial and tax experts, informed analysts, the IMF and WB all said the same thing in 1997 – at the height of the Asian Currency Crisis – and here we are some 24 years later and still alive and kicking.      

I say to hell with it. NO GST yet for another 5 years at least, especially now that we are in the midst of an economic crisis brought on by the pandemic. All the “anonymous informed experts’ can stick it up where the sun don’t shine.


There is an unwritten social contract between a government and its citizens. BEFORE the government comes around and puts its grubby hands in our back pockets again for another whack on our wallets, it must come to the tax table with clean hands. That means the government must first rationalize its expenditure and employment numbers.

It must first trim the 1.7 million-strong civil services and their approximate RM111 Billion annual cost of salaries, allowances, perks, bonus and pension budget. That makes up a staggering 47% of the government’s operating expenditure budget of RM237 Billion for 2021. To be fair, we must remove the army, navy, air force, reservists, teachers, professors, lecturers, doctors, nurses, engineers, scientists, researchers, architects, police, firemen, etc. from the 1.7 million figure, to determine the pure administrative headcount of the civil service. Everything should then be benchmarked against international norms and downsized accordingly. That way, we can compare apples to apples. There are international benchmarks for just about everything – doctors/dentists/telephones/cars per thousand of population, teacher-student ratios, size of army etc.

I am also not so heartless as to suggest that we sack people ruthlessly and dump them in the scrap heap. They are human beings, our fellow citizens and deserving of our respect, empathy, concern and care. So, downsizing and retrenchments must be phased over 3 years during which the excess staff should be paid their normal salary and placed in fully government funded re-training programs so that they can be gainfully re-employed in the private sector. For those who cannot be re-trained or are too old, we, The People, will have to subsidize them. Some form of Socialism is acceptable and necessary. Others have done it successfully all over the world, so can we.

A similar exercise must take place at Petronas, government controlled banks & financial institutions, public institutions, Government Linked Companies (GLC), enterprises and Statutory Bodies.

The third revolution needs to take place at the Income Tax Department (ITD).

The ITD must revise its mission statement and include as its primary task, the maximization of tax collection from every source – tax evaders ranging from cash businesses and professionals under declaring their revenue collections, to rich individuals, tycoons, businesses, companies, public listed companies and Multi-National Corporations which engage tax experts to avoid and evade tax via dubious tax planning schemes and salt huge profits away in off-shore tax shelters and havens, in countries and places like Zurich (Switzerland), Mauritius, Luxembourg, Guernsey, Jersey, Bermuda, the Bahamas etc.

Lastly, the government must put a stop immediately to all wasteful expenditure. White Elephant and fraudulent  projects and continuously bailing out businesses with Taxpayers’ money out of a false sense of patriotism must cease. E.g.:

1. RM30 Billion fraudulent inflation of ECRL in 2017 and RM20 billion gas pipe directly negotiated contracts.

2. Some RM20 Billion splashed on loss making MAS over the last 30 years. Who was it who said “Patriotism is the last refuge of the scoundrel”?

3. RM10 Billion free grant to Tabung Haji.

4. RM8 Billion bailout of Felda.

5. RM1.3 Billion budget for JAKIM.

6. A bloated cabinet of 69 Ministers/Deputy Ministers and sinecure, ridiculously high-paying jobs for unqualified MP's and cronies at GLC’s, Statutory Bodies, Universities, public institutions and Quangos, costing over RM1 billion a year. Government must not be fearful of taking the scalpel to the accumulated fat layers of bureaucracy.

I dare say that if our government follows this advice, that we will be able to defer GST for a good ten years. I will not be surprised if by taking these measures, the government will have at least an additional RM30 Billion a year extra money to do the really useful things for us.

This will also be because, if the government performs dutifully and successfully, the economic pie too will grow bigger in tandem. Then, so too will tax revenues. All the economic indicators – GDP and real growth rate, inflation, income levels and the poor vs rich share of the economic cake, balance of payments, exchange rate, debt: GDP ratio, reserves etc. – will start to make sense. We will attract Foreign Direct Investments (FDI) like there’s no tomorrow. The stock market will boom to record levels.

So, NO to GST! NO to Capital Gains Tax! NO to Capital Transfer Tax! NO to Estate Tax! NO to any new tax until the government first gets its act together!

We have paid enough taxes and bailed out our country which has indulged in some of the world’s worst profligate, rash, outrageous and fraudulently corrupt spending acts over the last 20 years. If you give more money to a government of thieves, it will only end up in the pockets of crooked politicians and their cronies. Now, it’s time for our country to alter its course, get cracking and instead do something for 'WE, THE PEOPLE'. To misquote US President John F. Kennedy:

“Ask not what you can do for your country; ask what your country can do for you!”